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drupal_alter

6 common.inc drupal_alter($type, &$data)
7 module.inc drupal_alter($type, &$data, &$context1 = NULL, &$context2 = NULL)

Hands off alterable variables to type-specific *_alter implementations.

This dispatch function hands off the passed-in variables to type-specific hook_TYPE_alter() implementations in modules. It ensures a consistent interface for all altering operations.

A maximum of 2 alterable arguments is supported. In case more arguments need to be passed and alterable, modules provide additional variables assigned by reference in the last $context argument:

  $context = array(
    'alterable' => &$alterable,
    'unalterable' => $unalterable,
    'foo' => 'bar',
  );
  drupal_alter('mymodule_data', $alterable1, $alterable2, $context);

Note that objects are always passed by reference in PHP5. If it is absolutely required that no implementation alters a passed object in $context, then an object needs to be cloned:

  $context = array(
    'unalterable_object' => clone $object,
  );
  drupal_alter('mymodule_data', $data, $context);

Parameters

$type: A string describing the type of the alterable $data. 'form', 'links', 'node_content', and so on are several examples. Alternatively can be an array, in which case hook_TYPE_alter() is invoked for each value in the array, ordered first by module, and then for each module, in the order of values in $type. For example, when Form API is using drupal_alter() to execute both hook_form_alter() and hook_form_FORM_ID_alter() implementations, it passes array('form', 'form_' . $form_id) for $type.

$data: The variable that will be passed to hook_TYPE_alter() implementations to be altered. The type of this variable depends on the value of the $type argument. For example, when altering a 'form', $data will be a structured array. When altering a 'profile', $data will be an object.

$context1: (optional) An additional variable that is passed by reference.

$context2: (optional) An additional variable that is passed by reference. If more context needs to be provided to implementations, then this should be an associative array as described above.

110 calls to drupal_alter()

3 string references to 'drupal_alter'

File

drupal/includes/module.inc, line 905
API for loading and interacting with Drupal modules.

Code

function drupal_alter($type, &$data, &$context1 = NULL, &$context2 = NULL) {
  // Use the advanced drupal_static() pattern, since this is called very often.
  static $drupal_static_fast;
  if (!isset($drupal_static_fast)) {
    $drupal_static_fast['functions'] = &drupal_static(__FUNCTION__);
  }
  $functions = &$drupal_static_fast['functions'];

  // Most of the time, $type is passed as a string, so for performance,
  // normalize it to that. When passed as an array, usually the first item in
  // the array is a generic type, and additional items in the array are more
  // specific variants of it, as in the case of array('form', 'form_FORM_ID').
  if (is_array($type)) {
    $cid = implode(',', $type);
    $extra_types = $type;
    $type = array_shift($extra_types);
    // Allow if statements in this function to use the faster isset() rather
    // than !empty() both when $type is passed as a string, or as an array with
    // one item.
    if (empty($extra_types)) {
      unset($extra_types);
    }
  }
  else {
    $cid = $type;
  }

  // Some alter hooks are invoked many times per page request, so statically
  // cache the list of functions to call, and on subsequent calls, iterate
  // through them quickly.
  if (!isset($functions[$cid])) {
    $functions[$cid] = array();
    $hook = $type . '_alter';
    $modules = module_implements($hook);
    if (!isset($extra_types)) {
      // For the more common case of a single hook, we do not need to call
      // function_exists(), since module_implements() returns only modules with
      // implementations.
      foreach ($modules as $module) {
        $functions[$cid][] = $module . '_' . $hook;
      }
    }
    else {
      // For multiple hooks, we need $modules to contain every module that
      // implements at least one of them.
      $extra_modules = array();
      foreach ($extra_types as $extra_type) {
        $extra_modules = array_merge($extra_modules, module_implements($extra_type . '_alter'));
      }
      // If any modules implement one of the extra hooks that do not implement
      // the primary hook, we need to add them to the $modules array in their
      // appropriate order.
      if (array_diff($extra_modules, $modules)) {
        // Order the modules by the order returned by module_list().
        $modules = array_intersect(module_list(), array_merge($modules, $extra_modules));
      }
      foreach ($modules as $module) {
        // Since $modules is a merged array, for any given module, we do not
        // know whether it has any particular implementation, so we need a
        // function_exists().
        $function = $module . '_' . $hook;
        if (function_exists($function)) {
          $functions[$cid][] = $function;
        }
        foreach ($extra_types as $extra_type) {
          $function = $module . '_' . $extra_type . '_alter';
          if (function_exists($function)) {
            $functions[$cid][] = $function;
          }
        }
      }
    }
    // Allow the theme to alter variables after the theme system has been
    // initialized.
    global $theme, $base_theme_info;
    if (isset($theme)) {
      $theme_keys = array();
      foreach ($base_theme_info as $base) {
        $theme_keys[] = $base->name;
      }
      $theme_keys[] = $theme;
      foreach ($theme_keys as $theme_key) {
        $function = $theme_key . '_' . $hook;
        if (function_exists($function)) {
          $functions[$cid][] = $function;
        }
        if (isset($extra_types)) {
          foreach ($extra_types as $extra_type) {
            $function = $theme_key . '_' . $extra_type . '_alter';
            if (function_exists($function)) {
              $functions[$cid][] = $function;
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

  foreach ($functions[$cid] as $function) {
    $function($data, $context1, $context2);
  }
}