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DrupalTestCase

  1. drupal
    1. 7 drupal/modules/simpletest/drupal_web_test_case.php

Base class for Drupal tests.

Do not extend this class, use one of the subclasses in this file.

Hierarchy

Properties

NameDescription
DrupalTestCase::$assertionsAssertions thrown in that test case.
DrupalTestCase::$databasePrefixThe database prefix of this test run.
DrupalTestCase::$originalFileDirectoryThe original file directory, before it was changed for testing purposes.
DrupalTestCase::$resultsCurrent results of this test case.
DrupalTestCase::$skipClassesThis class is skipped when looking for the source of an assertion.
DrupalTestCase::$testIdThe test run ID.
DrupalTestCase::$timeLimitTime limit for the test.

Functions & methods

NameDescription
DrupalTestCase::assertInternal helper: stores the assert.
DrupalTestCase::assertEqualCheck to see if two values are equal.
DrupalTestCase::assertFalseCheck to see if a value is false (an empty string, 0, NULL, or FALSE).
DrupalTestCase::assertIdenticalCheck to see if two values are identical.
DrupalTestCase::assertNotEqualCheck to see if two values are not equal.
DrupalTestCase::assertNotIdenticalCheck to see if two values are not identical.
DrupalTestCase::assertNotNullCheck to see if a value is not NULL.
DrupalTestCase::assertNullCheck to see if a value is NULL.
DrupalTestCase::assertTrueCheck to see if a value is not false (not an empty string, 0, NULL, or FALSE).
DrupalTestCase::deleteAssertDelete an assertion record by message ID.
DrupalTestCase::errorFire an error assertion.
DrupalTestCase::errorHandlerHandle errors during test runs.
DrupalTestCase::exceptionHandlerHandle exceptions.
DrupalTestCase::failFire an assertion that is always negative.
DrupalTestCase::generatePermutationsConverts a list of possible parameters into a stack of permutations.
DrupalTestCase::getAssertionCallCycles through backtrace until the first non-assertion method is found.
DrupalTestCase::insertAssertStore an assertion from outside the testing context.
DrupalTestCase::passFire an assertion that is always positive.
DrupalTestCase::randomNameGenerates a random string containing letters and numbers.
DrupalTestCase::randomStringGenerates a random string of ASCII characters of codes 32 to 126.
DrupalTestCase::runRun all tests in this class.
DrupalTestCase::verboseLogs verbose message in a text file.
DrupalTestCase::__constructConstructor for DrupalTestCase.

File

drupal/modules/simpletest/drupal_web_test_case.php, line 20

View source
abstract class DrupalTestCase {
  /**
   * The test run ID.
   *
   * @var string
   */
  protected $testId;

  /**
   * The database prefix of this test run.
   *
   * @var string
   */
  protected $databasePrefix = NULL;

  /**
   * The original file directory, before it was changed for testing purposes.
   *
   * @var string
   */
  protected $originalFileDirectory = NULL;

  /**
   * Time limit for the test.
   */
  protected $timeLimit = 500;

  /**
   * Current results of this test case.
   *
   * @var Array
   */
  public $results = array(
    '#pass' => 0, 
    '#fail' => 0, 
    '#exception' => 0, 
    '#debug' => 0,
  );

  /**
   * Assertions thrown in that test case.
   *
   * @var Array
   */
  protected $assertions = array();

  /**
   * This class is skipped when looking for the source of an assertion.
   *
   * When displaying which function an assert comes from, it's not too useful
   * to see "drupalWebTestCase->drupalLogin()', we would like to see the test
   * that called it. So we need to skip the classes defining these helper
   * methods.
   */
  protected $skipClasses = array(__CLASS__ => TRUE);

  /**
   * Constructor for DrupalTestCase.
   *
   * @param $test_id
   *   Tests with the same id are reported together.
   */
  public function __construct($test_id = NULL) {
    $this->testId = $test_id;
  }

  /**
   * Internal helper: stores the assert.
   *
   * @param $status
   *   Can be 'pass', 'fail', 'exception'.
   *   TRUE is a synonym for 'pass', FALSE for 'fail'.
   * @param $message
   *   The message string.
   * @param $group
   *   Which group this assert belongs to.
   * @param $caller
   *   By default, the assert comes from a function whose name starts with
   *   'test'. Instead, you can specify where this assert originates from
   *   by passing in an associative array as $caller. Key 'file' is
   *   the name of the source file, 'line' is the line number and 'function'
   *   is the caller function itself.
   */
  protected function assert($status, $message = '', $group = 'Other', array $caller = NULL) {
    // Convert boolean status to string status.
    if (is_bool($status)) {
      $status = $status ? 'pass' : 'fail';
    }

    // Increment summary result counter.
    $this->results['#' . $status]++;

    // Get the function information about the call to the assertion method.
    if (!$caller) {
      $caller = $this->getAssertionCall();
    }

    // Creation assertion array that can be displayed while tests are running.
    $this->assertions[] = $assertion = array(
      'test_id' => $this->testId, 
      'test_class' => get_class($this), 
      'status' => $status, 
      'message' => $message, 
      'message_group' => $group, 
      'function' => $caller['function'], 
      'line' => $caller['line'], 
      'file' => $caller['file'],
    );

    // Store assertion for display after the test has completed.
    Database::getConnection('default', 'simpletest_original_default')
      ->insert('simpletest')
      ->fields($assertion)
      ->execute();

    // We do not use a ternary operator here to allow a breakpoint on
    // test failure.
    if ($status == 'pass') {
      return TRUE;
    }
    else {
      return FALSE;
    }
  }

  /**
   * Store an assertion from outside the testing context.
   *
   * This is useful for inserting assertions that can only be recorded after
   * the test case has been destroyed, such as PHP fatal errors. The caller
   * information is not automatically gathered since the caller is most likely
   * inserting the assertion on behalf of other code. In all other respects
   * the method behaves just like DrupalTestCase::assert() in terms of storing
   * the assertion.
   *
   * @return
   *   Message ID of the stored assertion.
   *
   * @see DrupalTestCase::assert()
   * @see DrupalTestCase::deleteAssert()
   */
  public static function insertAssert($test_id, $test_class, $status, $message = '', $group = 'Other', array $caller = array()) {
    // Convert boolean status to string status.
    if (is_bool($status)) {
      $status = $status ? 'pass' : 'fail';
    }

    $caller += array(
      'function' => t('Unknown'), 
      'line' => 0, 
      'file' => t('Unknown'),
    );

    $assertion = array(
      'test_id' => $test_id, 
      'test_class' => $test_class, 
      'status' => $status, 
      'message' => $message, 
      'message_group' => $group, 
      'function' => $caller['function'], 
      'line' => $caller['line'], 
      'file' => $caller['file'],
    );

    return db_insert('simpletest')
      ->fields($assertion)
      ->execute();
  }

  /**
   * Delete an assertion record by message ID.
   *
   * @param $message_id
   *   Message ID of the assertion to delete.
   * @return
   *   TRUE if the assertion was deleted, FALSE otherwise.
   *
   * @see DrupalTestCase::insertAssert()
   */
  public static function deleteAssert($message_id) {
    return (bool) db_delete('simpletest')
      ->condition('message_id', $message_id)
      ->execute();
  }

  /**
   * Cycles through backtrace until the first non-assertion method is found.
   *
   * @return
   *   Array representing the true caller.
   */
  protected function getAssertionCall() {
    $backtrace = debug_backtrace();

    // The first element is the call. The second element is the caller.
    // We skip calls that occurred in one of the methods of our base classes
    // or in an assertion function.
    while (($caller = $backtrace[1]) && 
         ((isset($caller['class']) && isset($this->skipClasses[$caller['class']])) ||
           substr($caller['function'], 0, 6) == 'assert')) {
      // We remove that call.
      array_shift($backtrace);
    }

    return _drupal_get_last_caller($backtrace);
  }

  /**
   * Check to see if a value is not false (not an empty string, 0, NULL, or FALSE).
   *
   * @param $value
   *   The value on which the assertion is to be done.
   * @param $message
   *   The message to display along with the assertion.
   * @param $group
   *   The type of assertion - examples are "Browser", "PHP".
   * @return
   *   TRUE if the assertion succeeded, FALSE otherwise.
   */
  protected function assertTrue($value, $message = '', $group = 'Other') {
    return $this->assert((bool) $value, $message ? $message : t('Value @value is TRUE.', array('@value' => var_export($value, TRUE))), $group);
  }

  /**
   * Check to see if a value is false (an empty string, 0, NULL, or FALSE).
   *
   * @param $value
   *   The value on which the assertion is to be done.
   * @param $message
   *   The message to display along with the assertion.
   * @param $group
   *   The type of assertion - examples are "Browser", "PHP".
   * @return
   *   TRUE if the assertion succeeded, FALSE otherwise.
   */
  protected function assertFalse($value, $message = '', $group = 'Other') {
    return $this->assert(!$value, $message ? $message : t('Value @value is FALSE.', array('@value' => var_export($value, TRUE))), $group);
  }

  /**
   * Check to see if a value is NULL.
   *
   * @param $value
   *   The value on which the assertion is to be done.
   * @param $message
   *   The message to display along with the assertion.
   * @param $group
   *   The type of assertion - examples are "Browser", "PHP".
   * @return
   *   TRUE if the assertion succeeded, FALSE otherwise.
   */
  protected function assertNull($value, $message = '', $group = 'Other') {
    return $this->assert(!isset($value), $message ? $message : t('Value @value is NULL.', array('@value' => var_export($value, TRUE))), $group);
  }

  /**
   * Check to see if a value is not NULL.
   *
   * @param $value
   *   The value on which the assertion is to be done.
   * @param $message
   *   The message to display along with the assertion.
   * @param $group
   *   The type of assertion - examples are "Browser", "PHP".
   * @return
   *   TRUE if the assertion succeeded, FALSE otherwise.
   */
  protected function assertNotNull($value, $message = '', $group = 'Other') {
    return $this->assert(isset($value), $message ? $message : t('Value @value is not NULL.', array('@value' => var_export($value, TRUE))), $group);
  }

  /**
   * Check to see if two values are equal.
   *
   * @param $first
   *   The first value to check.
   * @param $second
   *   The second value to check.
   * @param $message
   *   The message to display along with the assertion.
   * @param $group
   *   The type of assertion - examples are "Browser", "PHP".
   * @return
   *   TRUE if the assertion succeeded, FALSE otherwise.
   */
  protected function assertEqual($first, $second, $message = '', $group = 'Other') {
    return $this->assert($first == $second, $message ? $message : t('Value @first is equal to value @second.', array('@first' => var_export($first, TRUE), '@second' => var_export($second, TRUE))), $group);
  }

  /**
   * Check to see if two values are not equal.
   *
   * @param $first
   *   The first value to check.
   * @param $second
   *   The second value to check.
   * @param $message
   *   The message to display along with the assertion.
   * @param $group
   *   The type of assertion - examples are "Browser", "PHP".
   * @return
   *   TRUE if the assertion succeeded, FALSE otherwise.
   */
  protected function assertNotEqual($first, $second, $message = '', $group = 'Other') {
    return $this->assert($first != $second, $message ? $message : t('Value @first is not equal to value @second.', array('@first' => var_export($first, TRUE), '@second' => var_export($second, TRUE))), $group);
  }

  /**
   * Check to see if two values are identical.
   *
   * @param $first
   *   The first value to check.
   * @param $second
   *   The second value to check.
   * @param $message
   *   The message to display along with the assertion.
   * @param $group
   *   The type of assertion - examples are "Browser", "PHP".
   * @return
   *   TRUE if the assertion succeeded, FALSE otherwise.
   */
  protected function assertIdentical($first, $second, $message = '', $group = 'Other') {
    return $this->assert($first === $second, $message ? $message : t('Value @first is identical to value @second.', array('@first' => var_export($first, TRUE), '@second' => var_export($second, TRUE))), $group);
  }

  /**
   * Check to see if two values are not identical.
   *
   * @param $first
   *   The first value to check.
   * @param $second
   *   The second value to check.
   * @param $message
   *   The message to display along with the assertion.
   * @param $group
   *   The type of assertion - examples are "Browser", "PHP".
   * @return
   *   TRUE if the assertion succeeded, FALSE otherwise.
   */
  protected function assertNotIdentical($first, $second, $message = '', $group = 'Other') {
    return $this->assert($first !== $second, $message ? $message : t('Value @first is not identical to value @second.', array('@first' => var_export($first, TRUE), '@second' => var_export($second, TRUE))), $group);
  }

  /**
   * Fire an assertion that is always positive.
   *
   * @param $message
   *   The message to display along with the assertion.
   * @param $group
   *   The type of assertion - examples are "Browser", "PHP".
   * @return
   *   TRUE.
   */
  protected function pass($message = NULL, $group = 'Other') {
    return $this->assert(TRUE, $message, $group);
  }

  /**
   * Fire an assertion that is always negative.
   *
   * @param $message
   *   The message to display along with the assertion.
   * @param $group
   *   The type of assertion - examples are "Browser", "PHP".
   * @return
   *   FALSE.
   */
  protected function fail($message = NULL, $group = 'Other') {
    return $this->assert(FALSE, $message, $group);
  }

  /**
   * Fire an error assertion.
   *
   * @param $message
   *   The message to display along with the assertion.
   * @param $group
   *   The type of assertion - examples are "Browser", "PHP".
   * @param $caller
   *   The caller of the error.
   * @return
   *   FALSE.
   */
  protected function error($message = '', $group = 'Other', array $caller = NULL) {
    if ($group == 'User notice') {
      // Since 'User notice' is set by trigger_error() which is used for debug
      // set the message to a status of 'debug'.
      return $this->assert('debug', $message, 'Debug', $caller);
    }

    return $this->assert('exception', $message, $group, $caller);
  }

  /**
   * Logs verbose message in a text file.
   *
   * The a link to the vebose message will be placed in the test results via
   * as a passing assertion with the text '[verbose message]'.
   *
   * @param $message
   *   The verbose message to be stored.
   *
   * @see simpletest_verbose()
   */
  protected function verbose($message) {
    if ($id = simpletest_verbose($message)) {
      $url = file_create_url($this->originalFileDirectory . '/simpletest/verbose/' . get_class($this) . '-' . $id . '.html');
      $this->error(l(t('Verbose message'), $url, array('attributes' => array('target' => '_blank'))), 'User notice');
    }
  }

  /**
   * Run all tests in this class.
   *
   * Regardless of whether $methods are passed or not, only method names
   * starting with "test" are executed.
   *
   * @param $methods
   *   (optional) A list of method names in the test case class to run; e.g.,
   *   array('testFoo', 'testBar'). By default, all methods of the class are
   *   taken into account, but it can be useful to only run a few selected test
   *   methods during debugging.
   */
  public function run(array $methods = array()) {
    // Initialize verbose debugging.
    simpletest_verbose(NULL, variable_get('file_public_path', conf_path() . '/files'), get_class($this));

    // HTTP auth settings (<username>:<password>) for the simpletest browser
    // when sending requests to the test site.
    $this->httpauth_method = variable_get('simpletest_httpauth_method', CURLAUTH_BASIC);
    $username = variable_get('simpletest_httpauth_username', NULL);
    $password = variable_get('simpletest_httpauth_password', NULL);
    if ($username && $password) {
      $this->httpauth_credentials = $username . ':' . $password;
    }

    set_error_handler(array($this, 'errorHandler'));
    $class = get_class($this);
    // Iterate through all the methods in this class, unless a specific list of
    // methods to run was passed.
    $class_methods = get_class_methods($class);
    if ($methods) {
      $class_methods = array_intersect($class_methods, $methods);
    }
    foreach ($class_methods as $method) {
      // If the current method starts with "test", run it - it's a test.
      if (strtolower(substr($method, 0, 4)) == 'test') {
        // Insert a fail record. This will be deleted on completion to ensure
        // that testing completed.
        $method_info = new ReflectionMethod($class, $method);
        $caller = array(
          'file' => $method_info->getFileName(), 
          'line' => $method_info->getStartLine(), 
          'function' => $class . '->' . $method . '()',
        );
        $completion_check_id = DrupalTestCase::insertAssert($this->testId, $class, FALSE, t('The test did not complete due to a fatal error.'), 'Completion check', $caller);
        $this->setUp();
        try {
          $this->$method();
          // Finish up.
        }
        catch (Exception $e) {
          $this->exceptionHandler($e);
        }
        $this->tearDown();
        // Remove the completion check record.
        DrupalTestCase::deleteAssert($completion_check_id);
      }
    }
    // Clear out the error messages and restore error handler.
    drupal_get_messages();
    restore_error_handler();
  }

  /**
   * Handle errors during test runs.
   *
   * Because this is registered in set_error_handler(), it has to be public.
   * @see set_error_handler
   */
  public function errorHandler($severity, $message, $file = NULL, $line = NULL) {
    if ($severity & error_reporting()) {
      $error_map = array(
        E_STRICT => 'Run-time notice', 
        E_WARNING => 'Warning', 
        E_NOTICE => 'Notice', 
        E_CORE_ERROR => 'Core error', 
        E_CORE_WARNING => 'Core warning', 
        E_USER_ERROR => 'User error', 
        E_USER_WARNING => 'User warning', 
        E_USER_NOTICE => 'User notice', 
        E_RECOVERABLE_ERROR => 'Recoverable error',
      );

      $backtrace = debug_backtrace();
      $this->error($message, $error_map[$severity], _drupal_get_last_caller($backtrace));
    }
    return TRUE;
  }

  /**
   * Handle exceptions.
   *
   * @see set_exception_handler
   */
  protected function exceptionHandler($exception) {
    $backtrace = $exception->getTrace();
    // Push on top of the backtrace the call that generated the exception.
    array_unshift($backtrace, array(
      'line' => $exception->getLine(), 
      'file' => $exception->getFile(),
    ));
    require_once DRUPAL_ROOT . '/includes/errors.inc';
    // The exception message is run through check_plain() by _drupal_decode_exception().
    $this->error(t('%type: !message in %function (line %line of %file).', _drupal_decode_exception($exception)), 'Uncaught exception', _drupal_get_last_caller($backtrace));
  }

  /**
   * Generates a random string of ASCII characters of codes 32 to 126.
   *
   * The generated string includes alpha-numeric characters and common misc
   * characters. Use this method when testing general input where the content
   * is not restricted.
   *
   * @param $length
   *   Length of random string to generate.
   * @return
   *   Randomly generated string.
   */
  public static function randomString($length = 8) {
    $str = '';
    for ($i = 0; $i < $length; $i++) {
      $str .= chr(mt_rand(32, 126));
    }
    return $str;
  }

  /**
   * Generates a random string containing letters and numbers.
   *
   * The string will always start with a letter. The letters may be upper or
   * lower case. This method is better for restricted inputs that do not
   * accept certain characters. For example, when testing input fields that
   * require machine readable values (i.e. without spaces and non-standard
   * characters) this method is best.
   *
   * @param $length
   *   Length of random string to generate.
   * @return
   *   Randomly generated string.
   */
  public static function randomName($length = 8) {
    $values = array_merge(range(65, 90), range(97, 122), range(48, 57));
    $max = count($values) - 1;
    $str = chr(mt_rand(97, 122));
    for ($i = 1; $i < $length; $i++) {
      $str .= chr($values[mt_rand(0, $max)]);
    }
    return $str;
  }

  /**
   * Converts a list of possible parameters into a stack of permutations.
   *
   * Takes a list of parameters containing possible values, and converts all of
   * them into a list of items containing every possible permutation.
   *
   * Example:
   * @code
   * $parameters = array(
   *   'one' => array(0, 1),
   *   'two' => array(2, 3),
   * );
   * $permutations = $this->permute($parameters);
   * // Result:
   * $permutations == array(
   *   array('one' => 0, 'two' => 2),
   *   array('one' => 1, 'two' => 2),
   *   array('one' => 0, 'two' => 3),
   *   array('one' => 1, 'two' => 3),
   * )
   * @endcode
   *
   * @param $parameters
   *   An associative array of parameters, keyed by parameter name, and whose
   *   values are arrays of parameter values.
   *
   * @return
   *   A list of permutations, which is an array of arrays. Each inner array
   *   contains the full list of parameters that have been passed, but with a
   *   single value only.
   */
  public static function generatePermutations($parameters) {
    $all_permutations = array(array());
    foreach ($parameters as $parameter => $values) {
      $new_permutations = array();
      // Iterate over all values of the parameter.
      foreach ($values as $value) {
        // Iterate over all existing permutations.
        foreach ($all_permutations as $permutation) {
          // Add the new parameter value to existing permutations.
          $new_permutations[] = $permutation + array($parameter => $value);
        }
      }
      // Replace the old permutations with the new permutations.
      $all_permutations = $new_permutations;
    }
    return $all_permutations;
  }
}